False Claims Act (FCA)

The False Claims Act (FCA) penalizes those who knowingly submit false claims seeking government funds or to avoid paying government debts. Although well intentioned, the law has transformed into a profitable enterprise for plaintiffs’ lawyers and their clients, while hurting American businesses. Total monetary damages under the False Claims Act have risen from $272 million in 1992 to over $2.8 billion in FY 2018. Read More...

The law allows the government to pursue any government contractor suspected of making “false claims” about their goods or services to the government. The law also allows third-party whistleblowers (called qui tam relators) to sue in the name of the government and to keep a large part of any recovery. The statute also allows for treble damages (damages three times the amount of the alleged fraud) as well as significant penalties. Recently the DOJ moved to dismiss some qui tam FCA cases, signifying a positive change in an attempt to address substantial abuse regarding FCA cases. The DOJ has also made several important and helpful policy changes that provide credit to companies that have appropriate compliance programs, self-report FCA violations, assist the investigation and remediate any harm done to the government.

While the need for an anti-fraud statute is clear, plaintiffs’ lawyers have benefited enormously from these FCA lawsuits. Broad language and over-enforcement practices have stimulated significant abuse, turning, in some cases, what should be simple disagreements and paperwork errors into claims for fraud. The U.S. Chamber Institute of Legal Reform (ILR) actively works to promote reforms that will restore fairness and transparency.

01/01/2019

Suggested Resources

Research
  • ILR Briefly COVID-19 Series: Federal Liability Problems and Solutions

    ILR Briefly COVID-19 Series: Federal Liability Problems and Solutions

    May 07, 2020

    As the public health and economic consequences of COVID-19 continue to mount, plaintiffs' lawyers are looking for ways to expand upon their legal theories and bring opportunistic litigation. This edition of ILR Briefly explores four projected hot spots of COVID-19 litigation: exposure liability, product liability, medical malpractice, and securities litigation. The paper goes on to recommend targeted federal legislative and administrative solutions to combat abusive lawsuits in these areas and protect the economic recovery. Read More

  • ILR Briefly COVID-19 Series: Liability Overview

    ILR Briefly COVID-19 Series: Liability Overview

    April 23, 2020

    As Americans and businesses of all sizes are working together to get through the COVID-19 health crisis, plaintiffs' lawyers have already begun filing COVID-19-related lawsuits. Limiting litigation abuse is essential to making available the tools and resources needed to combat the virus, and ultimately to spurring economic recovery once the immediate health crisis has been resolved. This edition of ILR Briefly explores the current and anticipated types of litigation coming out of the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

All Results for False Claims Act (FCA)

  1. In the News Today - May 20, 2019

    May 20, 2019 | News

    "Inside The New FCA Cooperation Credit Guidelines"... Read More

  2. DOJ Releases False Claims Act Cooperation Guidance

    May 08, 2019 | News

    The U.S. Department of Justice unveiled new guidance to describe how companies can earn cooperation credit in False Claims Act investigations, Law360 reports.... Read More

  3. In the News Today - March 5, 2019

    March 05, 2019 | News

    "Making The Granston Memo Work For FCA Defendants"... Read More

  4. In the News Today - February 19, 2019

    February 19, 2019 | News

    "Disputes Heating Up Over Gov't Qui Tam Dismissal Authority... Read More

  5. DOJ Moves to Dismiss False Claims Lawsuits Driven By Stock Short Seller

    February 06, 2019 | News

    The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) has moved to dismiss two whistleblower False Claims Act lawsuits that were filed by a former hedge fund manager who shorted stock in the companies he sued, Legal Newsline reports in Forbes. ... Read More

  6. In the News Today - February 4, 2019

    February 04, 2019 | News

    The Granston Memo, One Year Later; Are New Data Rules Fueling Securities Litigation in Europe?... Read More

  7. In the News Today - January 29, 2019

    January 29, 2019 | News

    "Can Judges Bar Class Action Settlement Talks Before Certification?;" "Can 'Bundle' Payment Plans Shield Against FCA Liability?"... Read More

  8. In the News Today- January 15, 2019

    January 15, 2019 | News

    "Drop the Climate Lawsuit;" What To Make Of DOJ's 2018 False Claims Act Report"... Read More

  9. In the News Today - January 3, 2019

    January 03, 2019 | News

    "Manufacturers Face The Rise Of Global Class Actions;" "New Strategies to Help False Claims Act Health Care Defendants"... Read More

  10. WSJ Editorial Board: "False Claims Falsehoods"

    December 27, 2018 | News

    The Wall Street Journal Editorial Board called on judges to "sanction the false claimers" who were responsible for the 11 False Claim Act (FCA) lawsuits that the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) asked to dismiss last week.... Read More